The following compulsory and optional deductions are deducted from your taxable income to arrive at your chargeable income, on which the amount of tax payable will be calculated. Employees can claim optional deductions by submitting form TP1 to their employer.
|Deduction||Amount limited to (RM)|
Deduction of RM9,000 for an individual in respect of himself and his dependent relatives is granted automatically.
Deduction of RM4,000 is given in respect of a spouse living together in the basis year on condition that the spouse has no source of income/total income or has elected for joint assessment.
See here for more details and additional deductions in relation to children.
|Contribution to EPF |
Total deduction for the payment of contributions to the EPF.
Additional deduction given to disabled person.
Additional deduction given to an individual living with a disabled spouse.
Optional Tax Deductions
|Deduction||Amount limited to (RM)|
|Medical Treatment, Special Needs or Carer Expenses of Parents|
Medical treatment, special needs and carer expenses for parents are limited to RM5,000 in a basis year. Medical expenses which qualify for deductions include:
The parents shall be resident in Malaysia. The medical treatment and care services are provided in Malaysia.
In the case of carer, shall be proved by a written certification, receipt or copy of carer’s work permit. “Carer” shall not include that individual, husband, wife or the child of that individual.
New personal deduction of RM1,500 for each parent is given to a resident taxpayer subject to the following conditions:
|3,000 total (1,500 for each parent)|
|Basic Supporting Equipment|
The purchase of any supporting equipment for one’s own use, if he/she is a disabled person or for the use of his/her spouse, child or parent, who is a disabled person may be claimed but limited to a maximum of RM 6,000 in a basis year. Basic supporting equipment includes haemodialysis machine, wheelchair, artificial leg and hearing aid but excludes optical lenses and spectacles
|Higher Education Fees (Self)|
Payment of annual fee limited to RM7,000 is allowed as a deduction for any course of study in an institution or professional body in Malaysia recognized by the Government of Malaysia or approved by the Minister of Finance for the purpose of enhancing any skill or qualification:
|Medical Expenses on Serious Diseases|
Medical expenses on serious diseases include the treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), Parkinson’s disease, cancer, renal failure, leukaemia and other similar diseases.
‘Other similar diseases’ such as heart attack, pulmonary hypertension, chronic liver disease, fulminant viral hepatitis, head trauma with neurological deficit, brain tumour or vascular malformation, major burns, major organ transplant or major amputation of limbs. Amount expended on own self, husband/wife or child is deductible up to a maximum of RM6,000.
|Complete Medical Examination|
Amount expended on own self, husband/wife or child for complete medical examination is deductible up to a maximum of RM 500. The total deduction for medical expenses on serious diseases and complete medical examination is limited to a maximum of RM6,000 a year.
Example: Person claims RM5,900 for treatment for Parkinson’s. Therefore, he can only claim a deduction of RM100 for medical examinations.
|Net Deposit in Skim Simpanan Pendidikan Nasional (SSPN)|
Amount deposited in SSPN by an individual for his children’s education is deductible up to a maximum of RM8,000 per year. The deduction is limited to the net amount deposited in that basis year only (deposits less withdrawals for the year).
This deduction has effect for the years of assessment 2012 until 2020.
|Payment of Alimony to Former Wife|
Payment of alimony to a former wife is deductible provided that the total deduction for wife (in paragraph 4.4.1 (b)) and alimony payment is limited to RM4,000 per year. Voluntary alimony payment to a former wife under a mutual agreement but without any formal agreement does not qualify as a deduction.
Note: Payment of alimony to former wife is not allowed in the case where the employee claimed deduction for wife.
Total deduction for the payment of life insurance premiums is limited to RM3,000 per year.
|Contribution to a Private Retirement Scheme and Payment of Deferred Annuity|
Deduction on contribution to Private Retirement Scheme approved by the Securities Commission under The Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 or payment of deferred annuity premium or both limited to RM3,000 per year (for 10 years from year assessment 2012 until year assessment 2021).
|Education and Medical Insurance|
A deduction not exceeding RM3,000 per year for insurance premiums in respect of education or medical benefits for an individual, husband, wife or child.
A deduction not exceeding RM250 per year for payments to the Social Security Organisation (SOCSO).
|Lifestyle Tax Relief|
Combined tax relief for reading materials, computers and sports equipment (Includes purchase of newspapers, smartphones and tablets, internet subscriptions & gymnasium membership fees)
Purchase of breastfeeding equipment
|1,000 (once every 2 years|
|Early Education |
For individual taxpayers who enroll their children aged 6 years and below in registered nurseries & preschools
Unlike tax deductions which are reductions in your chargeable income, tax rebates are further reductions in the amount of tax you pay after you have calculated your tax for the year.
Rebate on Zakat
Zakat can be deducted from the employee’s remuneration (in which case the amount of zakat should appear on the payslip and EA Form), or claimed through TP1 form.
Rebates for Individuals with Chargeable Income less than RM35,000
A rebate of RM400 is available to individuals with a chargeable income less than RM35,000. Where the spouse does not receive an income or is jointly assessed, a further RM400 rebate can be claimed.
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